Advice: How to Choose a Puppy

For dog lovers there is no greater joy than to bring in house a new life - a little soft and fluffy ball that will bring joy into your home. But before you do it, well thought of everything. Remember - the dog comes into your house than one year, and 10-12 years old, and therefore, from whom and what the puppy you choose will depend on your future life!

Do not buy a puppy that fell upon the first declaration, or the "Bird Market", what would you say there is not. Any breeder you write out the best colors in which it has wonderful puppies. First of all, gather information about nurseries and clubs. Walk on major exhibitions, see what the dog took prizes. Ask your friends who already have a Bernese Mountain Dog, dog, whether they are satisfied that there are no problems, especially with his health.

So back to the main .... The day came, and you go for the puppy ...

The first thing that you should pay attention to is the condition of the family box, room or premises where puppies are kept. The room should not be an unpleasant odor, sex, or box must be clean. Puppies for no apparent health problems - his eyes are clear, clean, without discharge, pure wool, not brittle, and not dry, wet nose without discharge, with the anus should not be shrunk together of wool - the first sign of stomach upset. Puppies  should be "live", moving freely, with no signs of lethargy or sleepiness (only if you did not come immediately  after a feeding or sleep).

We now turn to the choice of a particular puppy. Bernese Mountain Dog - is primarily a working dog and not a "sofa-pillow," the dog a hard worker and helper in all things, therefore, important for this breed is sturdy wide backbone, free movement, a strong straight back and broad, three-dimensional chest! On color and hair should look in the least (unless the dog is not rejected in color). A dog with a great bone, straight back, broad chest and free lightly, but with a slight asymmetry in color, it is easy to bypass a dog with a perfect symmetrical color with thin limbs weak and sagging back.

So - the backbone. Examine carefully all of the puppies. An experienced breeder can tell myself what a puppy, he, in his opinion, believes the best. Compare the thickness of the paws of puppies. Of course, if your puppy with children thin legs, it is unlikely that in future it will shine strong bones! Remember that at the age of 45-60 days, the puppy should look like bumpkin, bear, rather than to seem elegant miniature copy of the adult dog.

The limb. The front and rear have straight, parallel to each other. The angles of the hind limbs slightly flattened, but not at 90 degrees, like a German Shepherd. When viewed from behind, it is desirable that the hind limbs resemble the "bochonochek," but in no case were concave inward and look like the letter H.

The head. In the future, your pet is characterized by a large massive head (especially male), pay attention to her as a puppy. It should be large, with well-filled volume and muzzle. If the muzzle narrow and elongated, but in future it will remain light and small-volume. Remember that the broad white mask on the face visually enhances it in bulk. Ears should be broad and relatively large, the right to deliver, and not laid back.

The movement. See how the puppies move. They should not be limp or purse in the movement of limbs. Movement should be easy and free, with a wide range of paws, not mincing. Remember, if the puppy podvolakivaet hind limbs or their "shuffles" can not move freely, then this is the first sign of hip dysplasia. Ask if there are pictures of the parents of dysplasia and preferably grandparents. In the puppy is a greater degree of dysplasia can not see the bones and ligaments are still very soft and mobile, but with age, ranging from 6-8 months, the dog may no longer stand on his hind legs and have her put to sleep. HD-A and HD-B - the ideal degree of dysplasia (lack of).

Back. Must be straight, with no gaps in the blades and the very back. Also, the puppy should not look like a hunchback. During the period of growth it sometimes seems that the spin fails. This is due to the fact that the hind limbs often grow faster than the front.


The tail. Should be long (up to the hock joint or below) thick at the base and tapering to an end, saber forms in the excited state before rising back line. Many dogs tail rises above the back and twisted into a ring - a vice! Unfortunately, our experts on this pay little attention, while in the west and expertise with us at shows by international experts, the dog, which has an ideal structure and movements, but with the "ring" - can get an estimate very well. In puppyhood this is not always clear, the bones still soft, but tend to be seen twisting. If the puppy in the excited state tail rises vertically upwards and the tip goes down, or two thirds of the tail (the end) is always above the back line and dangles from the top down, left, right, then most likely, as adults, the ideal hocked tail will not.

Color and Wool. Remember, perfectly balanced colors in nature does not happen! Although a few millimeters, but differs in width, length of color on both sides. When puppies are born, it's good to see, but with age, with an increase in dogs, it seems smoother. It is desirable that the muzzle was well prokrashena. Cross or plastron on his chest - without breaks. The coat should be clean, dry, brittle, without dandruff. All puppies are up to 4-6 months, are covered with very fine hair-like fuzz.

In nature. A puppy should not run or screamed, if you stretch out a hand to him. If a child puppy afraid of people, the future of it does not grow well-balanced dog. It will shy away from any noise and people. Also, it should not behave aggressively towards people who came and breeder. Take the keys and pozvenite over the puppies, not just throwing them into the puppies, so check out their reaction. Even well-balanced dog can be frightened if the keys crash on his head or hurt zadenut feet.

Summing up the results of choice - most importantly, the puppy came to you like! Let your puppy into your home will bring light and joy, and with him will remember the best years of your life!

Ludmila Volskaya, Crown Russia kennel

A few words about the documents.

At the time of sale, namely the six weeks of age, puppies should be proaktirovany. From a legal point of view aktirovka is responsible action. The breeder is responsible for the cultivation of the litter, but aktiruyuschy specialist should also note, and genetic or acquired defects.

Breeder necessarily have to give the puppy puppy card stamped the club, which issued the document.

The card indicates nickname puppy, sex, color, breeder, breeder, address, nursery, birth date, number stamps. Also, the breeder must provide a memo for the first month of life the puppy in his new home, phone vet, the coordinates of the club, information on completed vaccinations, deworming.

The future owner can see the pedigrees of the parents and their exhibition certificates. The more titles from their parents, the more valuable offspring, but this is not a guarantee of excellent quality of the puppy.